NEILI (Pajhwok): An elderly woman in central Daikundi province lost her husband and her only brother to the decades-old war in Afghanistan 24 years ago. She believes the conflict could come to an end if the government and the Taliban honestly want so. Roshan Ekhtiari, 63, is a resident of Neili city, the capital of Daikundi. She has mediated and resolved many disputes in her area besides advocating for justice and peace.
He called the continuation of war in the country the main source of problems among families at the village and district level. He opined people’s pain and problems would go away if the war came to an end -- something that would open a new window of peace.
“The only thing I want is to realise my aspirations as soon as possible, he said, voicing optimism about ending the conflict and bringing peace to the country.
FEROZKOH (Pajhwok): Security on the Kabul-Ghor highway has improved after the resolution of a tribal dispute in the Dawlatyar district of the western province, say residents, who are happy with government efforts to resolve local tiffs before they lead to clashes and tensions.
Inhabitants of the district acknowledge difference among tribes and individuals have been reduced significantly as a result of the government’s effective peace strategy. As a result, the security environment in Dawlatyar, particularly on the busy route, has seen a marked improvement.
BAMYAN CITY (Pajhwok): Many political, group, property, social, personal and legal disputes -- claiming dozens of lives -- have been resolved in central Bamyan province, officials say.
Committees within the frameworks of the provincial council, peace body and civil society are playing an effective role in amicably settling such issues through a series of jirgas among rivals.
Civil society activists, linking progress toward dispute resolution among tribes, individuals and groups to rising public awareness, acknowledge efforts of local committees.
MAHMOOD RAQI (Pajhwok): Two rival commanders in the Kohband district of central Kapisa province have buried the hatchet after 60 years of enmity, becoming friends and putting an end to clashes that have caused dozens of casualties, a top security official says.
Elders, influential figures and sitting provincial police chief made hectic efforts to ensure reconciliation between the commanders’ families living in Durnami area. The enmity ended after leaving 60 people dead and causing civilians in the area many casualties.
QALA-I-NAW (Pajhwok): The resolution of a year-long land dispute between two irresponsible armed groups has had a positive impact on the security situation in the Jawand district of northwestern Badghis province.
Provincial council member Mohammad Farid Akhizai told Pajhwok Afghan News the dispute over land ownership between Mullah Kabir and Amir Mohammad erupted a year ago. Both backing the government, the men have armed supporters.
Residents of two villages on the periphery of Gardez, the capital of southeastern Paktia province, reached reconciliation after an 18-year dispute over a piece of land. The dwellers of Khitabi and Arjaal villages resolve their long-running spat, but not before more money on cases than the land’s value. Ironically, none of the parties could win the case despite their long legal battle.
PUL-I-KHUMRI (Pajhwok): In addition to judicial organs, tribal elders claim having decided recently complicated cases in Banu, Deh Salah, Pul-i-Hesarak and Andarab districts of northern Baghlan province, as part of an ongoing campaign.
Increasing public awareness and people’s contribution are the main factors behind resolving local problems on an amicable note, government official and civil society representatives acknowledge. People councils have particularly been effective.
Decades of conflict-related misfortunes have taken a heavy toll on the Afghans, forcing them from their motherland and leaving a large number of citizens in a state of intolerance. The flawed decisions they tend to take in tense circumstances are equally corrosive of the social fabric.
We recently identified and investigated a similar problem between the families of Saleh Mohammad and Mohammad Khan. They had been on cordial terms before the Soviet invasion compelled Saleh’s family into migration to the Pishin area of Pakistan’s southwestern Balochistan province.
JALALABAD: In remote rural areas of Afghanistan, disputes over land ownership and water among cross-cousins and other relatives are common. Such clashes often lead to casualties and the parties involved bequeath a legacy of enmity to future generations.
Encouragingly, however, tribal elders and religious scholars are aware of their responsibility for dealing with these problems in the interest of peace and security. Five people were killed and wounded during a similar clash in the Surkhrod district of Nangarhar province a year and a half ago.